Copying Cruciform Churches, Campanas, Circuses and Colosseums

We recently mentioned in passing Rav Zvi Hirsch (Maharaz) Hajes’s prohibition of bell ringing to gather the populace for prayer; here is his discussion in full. He begins by prohibiting the deliberate construction of octagonal, and certainly quadrilateral, synagogue buildings, “in the form of the halls of the nations” [perhaps a reference to the cruciform […]

Divine Justice

Our previous post cited the justification of Rav Yissachar Ber Eilenberg for Devorah’s singing in the presence of men, something normally forbidden: ואל תשיבני מדכתיב ותשר דבורה וברק בן אבינועם וגו’ כמו שנשאלתי מן אשה משכלת. כי יש לומר על פי הדיבור שאני וכיוצא בזה ממש תירצו התוספות בפרק החולץ …1 The Tosafist precedent he […]

More Mocking Of Maharaz

Our previous post considered R. Dr. Meir Hershkowitz’s analysis of Rav Yosef Shaul Nathanson’s savage criticism of Rav Zvi Hirsch (Maharaz) Hajes; in this post we consider the even more intemperate libel of the man (also noted by R. Dr. Hershkowitz) by the vehement reactionary Rav Akiva Yosef Schlesinger, who urges the religiously serious to […]