Copying Cruciform Churches, Campanas, Circuses and Colosseums

We recently mentioned in passing Rav Zvi Hirsch (Maharaz) Hajes’s prohibition of bell ringing to gather the populace for prayer; here is his discussion in full. He begins by prohibiting the deliberate construction of octagonal, and certainly quadrilateral, synagogue buildings, “in the form of the halls of the nations” [perhaps a reference to the cruciform […]

More Mocking Of Maharaz

Our previous post considered R. Dr. Meir Hershkowitz’s analysis of Rav Yosef Shaul Nathanson’s savage criticism of Rav Zvi Hirsch (Maharaz) Hajes; in this post we consider the even more intemperate libel of the man (also noted by R. Dr. Hershkowitz) by the vehement reactionary Rav Akiva Yosef Schlesinger, who urges the religiously serious to […]