Copying Cruciform Churches, Campanas, Circuses and Colosseums

We recently mentioned in passing Rav Zvi Hirsch (Maharaz) Hajes’s prohibition of bell ringing to gather the populace for prayer; here is his discussion in full. He begins by prohibiting the deliberate construction of octagonal, and certainly quadrilateral, synagogue buildings, “in the form of the halls of the nations” [perhaps a reference to the cruciform […]

The Horologio

For Wolf2191 and Andy, who recently brought Rav Ya’akov Emden’s remarkably pluralist attitude to my attention, and Kevin, who epitomizes the sort of man who inspired Rav Emden and Rav Hazan to write the way they did. There has recently been a great deal of discussion about the permissibility for Jews of entering churches. A […]